By Sunday, February 7, 2016 respond to the discussion question. Submit your response to the appropriate Discussion Area. Use the same Discussion Area to comment on at least two of your classmates’ submissions, and continue the discussion until Wednesday, February 10, 2016. All written assignments and responses should follow APA rules for attributing sources.
Access the online library and search for one of the following research articles:
- Oranthinkal, J., Vansteenwegen, A., & Burggraeve, R. (2008). Are demographics important for forgiveness? The Family Journal, 16(20). doi:10.1177/1066480707309542http://tfj.sagepub.com.libproxy.edmc.edu/content/16/1/20
- Deater-Deckard, K., Dodge, K. A., Bates, J. E., & Pettit, G. S. (1996). Physical discipline among African American and European American mothers: Links to children’s externalizing behaviors. Developmental Psychology, 32, 1065-1072.
- Leonard, K. E. & Senchak, M. (1996). Prospective prediction of husband marital aggression within newlywed couples. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 105, 369-380.
Read the article you selected thoroughly and identify and critique the following:
- research design
- sampling technique
- threats to validity
- ethical issues
I chose the article Prospective prediction of husband marital aggression within newlywed couples by Leonard, K. E. & Senchak, M. (1996).
1. Research design:
· The research design for this study was qualitative. The information gathered was collected through the use of interviews and surveys. It is a qualitative research study because it “does not introduce treatments or manipulate variables, or impose the researcher’s operational definitions of variables on the participants” (Csulb.edu). I was also aimed at getting a better understanding of the subject through first hand, truthful reporting.
2. Sampling technique:
· The sampling technique used in this study was convenience sampling. “Convenience sampling is when we study participants who are available conveniently” (Argosy University Online, 2014). For this research they stood outside of a court house and asked couples that had just got done applying for a marriage license to participate in their survey. This was a way to get couples conveniently to complete their research.
3. Threats to validity:
· I think one internal threat to the validity of this study is the maturation. It did not take into account the changes that occur in individual’s maturity over a year as well as a couple. Also attrition occurred in the study. This led to many couple’s data not being collected. Another issue to consider is truthful reporting. Many men and women who would be in this situation may not report truthfully, especially when it comes to doing interviews.
· A threat to the external validity would be that there was selection bias as the different races were not equally represented. The majority of the participants were white. “73% of the husbands and 75% of the wives were White” (Leonard & Senchak, 1996). I think that there was a certain level of obtrusiveness also that may have skewed the results as it is a touchy subject.
· For this study most of the information was measured on the ordinal scale. In this study “there were 10 domains of independent variables assessed at T0: (a) Perceived Power Imbalance, (b) Marital Conflict Styles, (c) Husband History of Family Violence, (d) Husband Hostility, (e) Husband Gender Identity, (f) Husband Alcohol Use, (g) Wife History of Family Violence, (h) Wife Hostility, (i) Wife Gender Identity, and (j) Wife Alcohol Use. Each domain consisted of between one and six scales” (Leonard & Senchak, 1996). Sociodemographic factors and premarital aggression were measured at T0 also during the courthouse interview. Then “amodified version of the CTS was administered to both members of the couple at the T+1 interview to assess husband aggression” (Leonard & Senchak, 1996).
5. Ethical issues:
· I think one of the most prevalent ethical issue is the topic itself. Marital abuse is very controversial and not many like to talk about it whether it be because of denial, fear, or other reasons. Also one person’s definition of abuse could be different from another’s definition. Confidentiality is a big issue here as it involves personal issues. It would also be important to have full disclosure (autonomy) and informed consent for the participants. They may want to also offer everyone some type of follow up treatment or resources for domestic abuse.
Csulb.edu. (n.d.). Data Collection Strategies II: Qualitative Research. Retrieved February 5, 2016, from http://www.csulb.edu/~msaintg/ppa696/696quali.htm
Leonard, K. E. & Senchak, M. (1996). Prospective prediction of husband marital aggression within newlywed couples. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 105, 369-380.